To understand the concept of teaching we first have to know, what is teaching. In today’s world we are surrounded by all type of knowledge but having all these knowledge is not enough. Knowledge only has value if we absorb it in our behavior and behavior don’t change just by knowing something. Even birds and animals have sense organs to see and hear, but their behavior is as it used to be a long time ago. Their behavior is fundamental in the past as well as in the present. The main reason behind this phenomena is lack of wisdom in them. Wisdom is what facilitates the change of behavior in the presence of knowledge. In the early stage, even human kids have the basic routine but as they grow their brain grows too. They start collecting knowledge from their surroundings and their behavior change accordingly. These kids also start realizing what is right and what is wrong.
There is a possibility that sometimes kids, as well as adults, choose to act ignorant even after knowing the right or wrong consequences, but sometimes it is possible that they don’t understand the difference between good or bad and right or wrong. In such situation, it becomes essential to understand the depth and source of knowledge that the kids and adults are getting. By following these two, the proper interpretation and explanation are provided to facilitate the desired behavior change that will be good for the society. For this purpose, a person is needed, who understand the depth of the subject as well as able to explain the matter to others in detail when required. These persons are called “Guru” for society when they teach the meaning from the religious book to minute detail and called teachers for the students.
It is critical for the teacher to have an excellent knowledge of the subject but this is the minimum requirement for the teacher. A good teacher must also understand the mental and physical capacities of students, their mindset, household situation, etc. He or she is also capable of creating a learning environment and useful communication skill. All these things are desired quality of a teacher as well as a specialty of a teacher. These seemingly small things make a big difference in the society as well as in the world of the student. For instance, when a teacher correctly understands the mental and physical capacity of the student and able to create a learning environment for that student then he will automatically promote the growth of both psychological and physical ability of the student. At last, we can say that in the environment of a class the interaction between teacher and student through which a teacher, by his in-depth knowledge and communication skill, able to convey the subject to the student is called teaching.
Given below are few definition of teaching by different people:
B.O. Smith: “Teaching is a system of actions to induce learning.” He also defines teaching as, “Teaching is a goal-directed activity.”
Henry, C. Morrison: Teaching is intimate contact between a more mature personality and a less mature one which is design to further the education of the latter.
Yoakum and Simpson: Teaching is the mean whereby the experienced members of the group guide the immature and infant members in their adjustment of life.
Ryburn: Teaching is a relationship which helps the child to develop his powers.
N.L. Gage: Teaching if an act of interpersonal influence aimed at changing the ways in which another person can or will behave.
Rayans: Teaching is concerned with the activities which are concerned with the guidance or direction of the learning of others.
B.F. Skinner: Teaching is the arrangement of contingencies of reinforcement.
Clarke: Teaching process is designed and performed to produce a change in student behavior.
K.P. Panday: Teaching is an influence directed activity. It is influencing the learner with a specific contents structure.
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